Chapter One

  1. THE WORDS OF‍ ‍the Preach­er, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
  2. Vanity of van­i­ties, sa­ith the Preacher, van­i­ty of van­i­ties; all is‍ ‍vanity.
  3. What prof­it hath a man of all his la­bour which he tak­eth un­der the sun?
  4. One gen­er­a­tion pass­eth away, and an­oth­er gen­er­a­tion com­eth: but the earth abid­eth for ever.
  5. The sun al­so aris­eth, and the sun go­eth down, and hast­eth to his place where he arose.
  6. The wind go­eth to­ward the south, and turn­eth about un­to the north; it whirl­eth about con­tin­u­al­ly, and the wind re­turn­eth again ac­cord­ing to his‍ ‍cir­cuits.
  7. All the riv­ers run in­to the sea; yet the sea is not full; un­to the place from whence the riv­ers come, thith­er they re­turn‍ ‍again.
  8. All things are(so)‍ ‍full of la­bour;(that) man can­not ut­ter it: the eye is not sat­is­fied with see­ing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
  9. The thing that hath been, it is thatwhich shall be; and that which is done is‍ ‍that which shall be done: and there is no new thing un­der the sun.
  10. Is there any thing where­of it may be said, See, this is new? it hath been al­rea­dy of old time, which was be­fore us.
  11. There is no re­mem­brance of for­mer things; nei­ther shall there be any re­mem­brance of things that are to come with those that shall come‍ ‍(‘)after.(’)
  12. I the Preach­er was king over Is­ra­el in Jerusalem.
  13. And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wis­dom con­cern­ing all things that are done un­der (the) heav­en‍(s)‍: this sore tra­vail hath ⟨God⟩ giv­en to the sons of man to be ex­er­cised therewith.
  14. I have seen all the works that are done un­der the sun; and, be­hold, all is van­i­ty and vex­a­tion of spirit.
  15. That which is crook­ed can­not be made straight: and that which is want­ing can­not be numbered.
  16. I com­muned with mine own heart, say­ing, Lo, I am come to great es­tate, and have got­ten more wis­dom than all they that have been be­fore me in Je­ru­sa­lem: yea, my heart had great ex­pe­ri­ence of wis­dom and knowledge.
  17. And I gave my heart to know wis­dom, and to know mad­ness and fol­ly; I per­ceived that this al­so is vex­a­tion of spirit.
  18. For in much wis­dom is‍ ‍much grief: and he that in­creas­eth knowl­edge in­creas­eth sorrow.
Chapter Two
  1. I SAID IN MINE‍ ‍heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with mirth, there­fore en­joy plea­sure: and, be­hold, this also is‍ ‍vanity.
  2. I said of laugh­ter, It is mad: and of mirth, What do­eth it?
  3. I sought in mine heart to give my­self un­to wine, yet ac­quaint­ing mine heart with wis­dom; and to lay hold on fol­ly, till I might see what was that good for the sons of men, which they should do un­der the (first) heav­en all the days of their life.
  4. I made me great works; I build­ed me houses; I plant­ed me vineyards:
  5. I made me gar­dens and or­chards, and I plant­ed trees in them of all kinds of fruits:
  6. I made me pools of wa­ter, to‍ ‍wa­ter there­with the wood that bring­eth forth trees:
  7. I got me serv­ants and maid­ens, and had serv­ants born in my house; al­so I had great pos­ses­sions of great and small cat­tle above all that were in Je­ru­sa­lem be­fore me:
  8. I gath­ered me al­so sil­ver and gold, and the pe­cu­liar trea­sure of kings and of the prov­inc­es: I gat(sic)‌me men sing­ers and wom­en sing­ers, and the de­lights of the sons of men, as mu­sic­al in­stru­ments, and that of all sorts.
  9. So I was great, and in­creased more than all that were be­fore me in Je­ru­sa­lem: al­so my wis­dom re­mained with me.
  10. And what­so­ever mine eyes de­sired I kept not from them, I with­held not my heart from any joy; for my heart re­joiced in all my la­bour: and this was my por­tion of all my labour.
  11. Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the la­bour that I had la­boured to do: and, be­hold, all was van­i­ty and vex­a­tion of spir­it, and there was no prof­it un­der the sun.
  12. And I turned my­self to be­hold wis­dom, and mad­ness, and fol­ly: for what can the man do that com­eth af­ter the king? even that which hath been al­rea­dy done.
  13. Then I saw that wis­dom ex­cel­leth fol­ly, as far as light ex­cel­leth darkness.
  14. The wise mans eyes are in his head; but the fool walk­eth in dark­ness: and I my­self per­ceived al­so that one event hap­pen­eth to them all.
  15. Then said I in my heart, As it hap­pen­eth to the fool, so it hap­pen­eth even to me; and why was I then more wise? Then I said in my heart, that this al­so is vanity.
  16. For there is no re­mem­brance of the wise more than of the fool for ever, see­ing that which now is in the days to come shall all be for­got­ten. And how di­eth the wise man?(the same)as the fool.
  17. Therefore I hat­ed life; be­cause the work that is wrought un­der the sun is griev­ous un­to me: for all is vanity and vex­a­tion of spirit.
  18. Yea, I hat­ed all my la­bour which I had tak­en un­der the sun: be­cause I should leave it un­to the man that shall be af­ter me.
  19. And who know­eth wheth­er he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my la­bour where­in I have la­boured, and where­in I have shewed my­self wise un­der the sun. This is al­so vanity.
  20. Therefore I went about to cause my heart to de­spair of all the la­bour which I took un­der the sun.
  21. For there is a man whose la­bour is in wis­dom, and in knowl­edge and in‍ ‍eq­ui­ty; yet to a man that hath not la­boured there­in shall he leave it for his por­tion. This al­so is vanity and a great evil.
  22. For what hath man of all his la­bour, and of the vex­a­tion of his heart, where­in he hath la­boured un­der the sun?
  23. For all his days are sor­rows, and his tra­vail grief; yea, his heart tak­eth not rest in the night. This is al­so vanity.
  24. There is noth­ing bet­ter for a man, than that he should eat and drink, and that he should make his soul en­joy good in his la­bour. This al­so I saw, that it was from the hand of ⟨God⟩.
  25. For who can eat, or who else can has­ten here­un­to, more than I?
  26. For God giv­eth to a man that(which)is good in his sight wis­dom, and knowl­edge, and joy: but to the sin­ner he giv­eth tra­vail, to gath­er and to heap up, that he may give to him that is good be­fore ⟨God⟩. This al­so is van­i­ty and vex­a­tion of spirit.
Chapter Three
  1. TO EVERY THINGthere is a sea­son, and a time to ev­ery pur­pose un­der the heaven‍(s)‍:
  2. A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;
  3. A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;
  4. A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;
  5. A time to cast away stones, and a time to gath­er stones to­geth­er; a time to em­brace, and a time to re­frain from embracing;
  6. A time to‍ ‍get, and a time to lose; a time to keep, and a time to cast away;
  7. A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep si­lence, and a time to speak;
  8. A time to love, and a time to hate; a time of war, and a time of peace.
  9. What prof­it hath he that work­eth in that where­in he laboureth?
  10. I have seen the tra­vail, which ⟨God⟩ hath giv­en to the sons of men to be ex­er­cised in it.
  11. He hath made ev­ery thing beau­ti­ful in his time: al­so he hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that ⟨God⟩ mak­eth from the be­gin­ning to the end.
  12. I know that there is no good in‍ ‍them, but for a man to re­joice, and to do good in his life.
  13. And al­so that ev­ery man should eat and drink, and en­joy the good of all his la­bour, it is the gift of ⟨God⟩.
  14. I know that, what­so­ever ⟨God⟩ do­eth, it shall be for ever: noth­ing can be put to it, nor any­thing tak­en from it: and ⟨God⟩ do­eth it, that men should fear be­fore him.
  15. That which hath been is now; and that which is to be hath al­rea­dy been; and ⟨God⟩re­quir­eththat which is past.
  16. And more­over I saw un­der the sun the place of judg­ment, that wick­ed­ness was there; and the place of‍ ‍righ­teous­ness,thatin­iq­ui­tywas there.
  17. I said in mine heart, ⟨God⟩ shall judge the righ­teous and the wick­ed: for there is a time there for ev­ery pur­pose and for ev­ery work.
  18. I said in mine heart con­cern­ing the es­tate of the sons of men, that ⟨God⟩ might man­i­fest them, and that they might see that they them­selves are beasts.
  19. For that which be­fall­eth the sons of men be­fall­eth beasts; even one thing be­fall­eth them: as the one di­eth, so di­eth the oth­er; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no pre­em­i­nence above a beast: for all is vanity.
  20. All(physical bodies)go un­to one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.
  21. Who know­eth the spir­it of man that go­eth up­ward, and the spir­it of the beast that go­eth down­ward to the earth?
  22. Wherefore I per­ceive that there is noth­ing bet­ter, than that a man should re­joice in his own works; for that is his por­tion: for who (else but our Creator) shall bring him to see what shall be af­ter him?
Chapter Four
  1. SO I RE­TURNED, and con­sidered all the op­pres­sions that are done un­der the sun: and be­hold the tears of such as were op­pressed, and they had no com­fort­er (yet); and on the side of their op­pres­sors there was pow­er; but they had no comforter (at all).
  2. Wherefore I praised the dead which are al­rea­dy dead more than the liv­ing which are yet alive.
  3. Yea, bet­ter is he than both they, which hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done un­der the sun.
  4. Again, I con­sid­ered all tra­vail, and ev­ery right work, that for this a man is en­vied of his neigh­bour. This is al­so van­i­ty and vex­a­tion of spirit.
  5. The fool fold­eth his hands to­geth­er, and eat­eth his own flesh.
  6. Better is an hand­ful with quiet­ness, than both the hands full with tra­vail and vex­a­tion of spirit.
  7. Then I re­turned, and I saw van­i­ty un­der the sun.
  8. There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath nei­ther child nor broth­er: yet is there no end of all his la­bour; nei­ther sa­ith he, For whom do I la­bour, and be­reave my soul of good? This is al­so van­i­ty, yea, it is a‍ ‍sore‍ ‍travail.
  9. Two are bet­ter than one; be­cause they have a good re­ward for their labour.
  10. For if they fall, the one will lift up his fel­low; but woe to him that is alone when he fall­eth; for he hath not an­oth­er to help him up.
  11. Again, if two lie to­geth­er, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone?
  12. And if one pre­vail against him, two shall with­stand him; and a three­fold cord is not quick­ly broken.
  13. Better is a poor and a wise child than an old and fool­ish king, who will no more be admonished.
  14. For out of pris­on he com­eth to reign; where­as al­so he that is born in his king­dom be­com­eth poor.
  15. I con­sid­ered all the liv­ing which walk un­der the sun, with the sec­ond child that shall stand up in his stead.
  16. There is no end of all the peo­ple, even of all that have been be­fore them: they al­so that come af­ter shall not re­joice in him. Sure­ly this al­so is van­i­ty and vex­a­tion of spirit.
Chapter Five
  1. KEEP THY FOOT when thou go­est to the house of ⟨God⟩, and be more rea­dy to hear, than to give the sac­ri­fice of fools: for they con­sid­er not that they do evil.
  2. Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be has­ty to ut­ter any thing be­fore ⟨God⟩: for ⟨God⟩ is in‍ ‍(the third) heav­en, and thou up­on the earth: there­fore let thy words be few.
  3. For a dream com­eth through the mul­ti­tude of bus­i­ness; and a fools voice is known by mul­ti­tude of words.
  4. When thou vow­est a vow un­to ⟨God⟩, de­fer not to pay it; for he hath no pleas­ure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed.
  5. Better is it that thou should­est not vow, than that thou should­est vow and not pay.
  6. Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; nei­ther say thou be­fore the an­gel, that it was an er­ror: where­fore should ⟨God⟩ be an­gry at thy voice, and de­stroy the work of thine hands?
  7. For in the mul­ti­tude of dreams and ma­ny words there are al­so divers(e) van­i­ties: but fear thou ⟨God⟩.
  8. If thou seest the op­pres­sion of the poor, and vi­o­lent per­vert­ing of judg­ment and jus­tice in a prov­ince, mar­vel not at the mat­ter: for he that is high­er than the high­est re­gard­eth; and there be high­er than they.
  9. Moreover the prof­it of the earth is for all: the king him­self is served by the field.
  10. He that lov­eth sil­ver shall not be sat­is­fied with sil­ver; nor he that lov­eth abun­dance with in­crease: this is al­so van­i­ty.
  11. When goods in­crease, they are in­creased that eat them: and what good is there to the own­ers there­of, sav­ing the be­hold­ing of them with their eyes?
  12. The sleep of a la­bour­ing man is sweet, wheth­er he eat lit­tle or much: but the abun­dance of the rich will not suf­fer him to sleep.
  13. There is a sore evil which I have seen un­der the sun, name­ly, rich­es kept for the own­ers there­of to their hurt.
  14. But those rich­es per­ish by evil tra­vail: and he be­get­teth a son, and there is noth­ing in his hand.
  15. As he came forth of his moth­ers womb, na­ked shall he re­turn to go as he came, and shall take noth­ing of his la­bour, which he may car­ry away in his hand.
  16. And this al­so is a sore evil, that in all points as he came, so shall he go: and what prof­it hath he that hath la­boured for the wind?
  17. All his days al­so he eat­eth in dark­ness, and he hath much sor­row and wrath with his sickness.
  18. Behold that which I have seen: it is good and come­ly for one to eat and to drink, and to en­joy the good of all his la­bour that he tak­eth un­der the sun all the days of his life, which ⟨God⟩ giv­eth him: for it is his portion.
  19. Every man al­so to whom ⟨God⟩ hath giv­en rich­es and wealth, and hath giv­en him pow­er to eat there­of, and to take his por­tion, and to re­joice in his la­bour; this is the gift of ⟨God⟩.
  20. For he shall not much re­mem­ber the days of his life; be­cause ⟨God⟩ an­swer­eth him in the joy of his heart.
Chapter Six
  1. THERE IS AN evil which I have seen un­der the sun, and it is com­mon among men:
  2. A man to whom ⟨God⟩ hath giv­en rich­es, wealth, and hon­our, so that he want­eth noth­ing for his soul of all that he de­sir­eth, yet ⟨God⟩ giv­eth him not pow­er to eat there­of, but a stran­ger eat­eth it: this is van­i­ty, and it is an evil disease.
  3. If a man be­get an hun­dred chil­dren, and live ma­ny years, so that the days of his years be ma­ny, and his soul be not filled with good, and al­so that he have no bur­i­al; I say, that an un­time­ly birth is bet­ter than he.
  4. For he com­eth in with van­i­ty, and de­part­eth in dark­ness, and his name shall be cov­ered with darkness.
  5. Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this hath more rest than the other.
  6. Yea, though he live a thou­sand years twice told, yet hath he seen no good: do not all go to one place?
  7. All the la­bour of man is for his mouth, and yet the ap­pe­tite is not filled.
  8. For what hath the wise more than the fool? what hath the poor, that know­eth to walk be­fore the living?
  9. Better is the sight of the eyes than the wan­der­ing of the de­sire: this is al­so van­i­ty and vex­a­tion of spirit.
  10. That which hath been is named al­rea­dy, and it is known that it is man: nei­ther may he con­tend with him that is migh­ti­er than he.
  11. Seeing there be ma­ny things that in­crease van­i­ty, what is man the better?‍ ‍[]

  1. For who know­eth what is good for man in this life, all the days of his vain life which he spend­eth as a shad­ow? for who can tell a man what shall be af­ter him un­der the sun?
Chapter Seven
  1. A GOOD NAMEis bet­ter than pre­cious oint­ment; and the day of‍ ‍(ones)death(is‍ ‍bet­ter)than the day of ones birth.
  2. It is bet­ter to go to the house of mourn­ing, than to go to the house of feast­ing: for that is the end of all men; and the liv­ing will lay it to his heart.
  3. Sorrow is bet­ter than laugh­ter: for by the sad­ness of the coun­ten­ance the heart is made better.
  4. The heart of the wise is in the house of mourn­ing; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.
  5. It is bet­ter to hear the re­buke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools.
  6. For as the crack­ling of thorns un­der a pot, so is the laugh­ter of the fool: this al­so is vanity.
  7. Surely op­pres­sion mak­eth a wise man mad; and a gift de­stroy­eth the heart.
  8. Better is the end of a thing than the be­gin­ning there­of: and the pa­tient in spir­it is bet­ter than the proud in spirit.
  9. Be not hasty in thy spir­it to be an­gry: for an­ger rest­eth in the bos­om of fools.
  10. Say not thou, What is the cause that the form­er days were bet­ter than these? for thou dost not en­quire wise­ly con­cern­ing this.
  11. Wisdom is good with an in­her­it­ance: and by it there is prof­it to them that see the sun.
  12. For wis­dom is a de­fence, and mon­ey is a de­fence: but the ex­cel­len­cy of knowl­edge is, that wis­dom giv­eth life to them that have it.
  13. Consider the work of ⟨God⟩: for who can make that straight, which he hath made crooked?
  14. In the day of pros­per­i­ty be joy­ful, but in the day of ad­vers­i­ty con­sid­er: ⟨God⟩ al­so hath set the one over against the oth­er, to the end that man should find noth­ing af­ter him.
  15. All things have I seen in the days of my van­i­ty: there is a just man that per­ish­eth in his righ­teous­ness, and there is a wick­ed man that pro­long­eth his life in his wickedness.
  16. Be not righ­teous over much; nei­ther make thy­self over wise: why should­est thou de­stroy thyself?
  17. Be not over much wick­ed, nei­ther be thou fool­ish: why should­est thou die be­fore thy time.
  18. It is good that thou should­est take hold of this; yea, al­so from this with­draw not thine hand: for he that fear­eth ⟨God⟩ shall come forth of them all.
  19. Wisdom strength­en­eth the wise more than ten migh­ty men which are in the city.
  20. For there is not a just man up­on earth, that do­eth good, and sin­neth not.
  21. Also take no heed un­to all words that are spo­ken; lest thou hear thy serv­ant curse thee:
  22. For of­ten­times al­so thine own heart know­eth that thou thy­self like­wise hast cursed others.
  23. All this have I proved by wis­dom: I said, I will be wise; but it was far from me.
  24. That which is far off, and ex­ceed­ing deep, who can find it out?
  25. I ap­plied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wis­dom, and the rea­son of things, and to know the wick­ed­ness of fol­ly, even of fool­ish­ness and madness:
  26. And I find more bit­ter than death the wom­an, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: who­so pleas­eth ⟨God⟩ shall es­ccape from her; but the sin­ner shall be tak­en by her.
  27. Behold, this have I found, sa­ith the preach­er, count­ing one by one, to find out the account:
  28. Which yet my soul seek­eth, but I find not: one man among a thou­sand have I found; but a wom­an among all those have I not found.
  29. Lo, this on­ly have I found, that ⟨God⟩ hath made man up­right; but they have sought out ma­ny inventions.
Chapter Eight
  1. WHO IS AS THE wise man? and who know­eth the in­ter­pre­ta­tion of a thing? a mans wis­dom mak­eth his face to shine, and the bold­ness of his face shall be changed.
  2. I coun­sel thee to keep the kings com­mand­ment, and that in re­gard of the oath of ⟨God⟩.
  3. Be not hasty to go out of his sight: stand not in an evil thing; for he do­eth what­so­ever pleas­eth him.
  4. Where the word of a king is, there is pow­er: and who may say un­to him, What do­est thou?
  5. Whoso keep­eth the com­mand­ment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise mans heart dis­cern­eth both time and judgment.
  6. Because to ev­ery pur­pose there is time and judg­ment, there­fore the misery of man is great up­on him.
  7. For he know­eth not that which shall be: for who can tell him when it shall be?
  8. There is no man that hath pow­er over the spir­it to re­tain the spir­it; nei­ther hath he pow­er in the day of death: and there is no dis­charge in that war; nei­ther shall wick­ed­ness de­liv­er those that are giv­en to it.
  9. All this have I seen, and ap­plied my heart un­to ev­ery work that is done un­der the sun: there is a time where­in one man rul­eth over an­oth­er to his own hurt.
  10. And so I saw the wick­ed bur­ied, who had come and gone from the place of the holy, and they were for­got­ten in the city where they had so done: this is al­so vanity.
  11. Because sen­tence against an evil work is not ex­e­cut­ed speed­i­ly, there­fore the heart of the sons of men is ful­ly set in them to do evil.
  12. Though a sin­ner do evil an hun­dred times, and his days be pro­longed, yet sure­ly I know that it shall be well with them that fear ⟨God⟩, which fear be­fore him:
  13. But it shall not be well with the wick­ed, nei­ther shall he pro­long his days, which are as a shad­ow; be­cause he fear­eth not be­fore ⟨God⟩.
  14. There is a van­i­ty which is done up­on the earth; that there be just men, un­to whom it hap­pen­eth ac­cord­ing to the work of the wick­ed; again, there be wick­ed men, to whom it hap­pen­eth ac­cord­ing to the work of‍ ‍the righ­teous: I said that this al­so is vanity.
  15. Then I com­mend­ed mirth, be­cause a man hath no bet­ter thing un­der the sun, than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry: for that shall abide with him of his la­bour (all) the days of his life, which ⟨God⟩ giv­eth him un­der the sun.
  16. When I ap­plied mine heart to know wis­dom, and to see the bus­i­ness that is done up­on the earth: (for al­so there is that nei­ther day nor night seeth sleep with‍ ‍his‍ ‍eyes:)
  17. Then I be­held all the work of ⟨God⟩, that a man can­not find out the work that is done un­der the sun: be­cause though a man la­bour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; yea fur­ther; though a‍ ‍wise man think to know it, yet shall he not be able to find it.
Chapter Nine
  1. FOR ALL THIS I con­sid­ered in my heart even to de­clare all this, that the righ­teous, and the wise, and their works, are in the hand of ⟨God⟩: no man know­eth ei­ther love or ha­tred by‍ ‍all that is be­fore them(of any­thing in‍ ‍the‍ ‍world).
  2. All things come alike to all: there is one event to‍ ‍the righ­teous, and to the wick­ed; to the good and to the clean, and to the un­clean; to him that sac­ri­fic­eth, and to him that sac­ri­fic­eth not: as is the good, so is the sin­ner; and he that swear­eth, as he that fear­eth an oath.
  3. There is an evil among all things that are done un­der the sun, that there is one event un­to all: yea, al­so the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and mad­nessis in their heart while they live, and af­ter that they go to the dead.
  4. For to him that is joined to all the liv­ing there is hope: for a liv­ing dog is bet­ter than a dead lion.
  5. For the liv­ing know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, nei­ther have they any more a re­ward; for the mem­o­ry of them is forgotten.
  6. Also their love, and their ha­tred, and their en­vy, is now per­ished; nei­ther have they any more a por­tion for ever in any thing that is done un­der the sun.
  7. Go thy way(then), eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a mer­ry heart; for ⟨God⟩ now ac­cept­eth thy works.
  8. Let thy gar­ments be al­ways white: and let thy head lack no ointment.
  9. Live joy­ful­ly with the wife whom thou lov­est all the days of the life of thy van­i­ty, which he hath giv­en thee un­der the sun, all the days of thy van­i­ty: for that is thy por­tion in this life, and in thy la­bour which thou tak­est un­der the sun.
  10. Whatsoever thy hand find­eth to do, do it with thy might: for there is no work, nor de­vice, nor knowl­edge, nor wis­dom, in the grave, whith­er thou goest.
  11. I re­turned, and saw un­der the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the bat­tle to the strong, nei­ther yet bread to the wise, nor yet rich­es to men of un­der­stand­ing, nor yet fa­vour to men of skill; but time and chance hap­pen­eth to them all.
  12. For man al­so know­eth not his time: as the fish­es that are tak­en in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it fall­eth sud­den­ly up­on them.
  13. This wis­dom have I seen al­so un­der the sun, and it seemed great un­to me:
  14. There was a lit­tle city, and few men with­in it; and there came a great king against it, and be­seiged it, and built great bul­warks against it:
  15. Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wis­dom de­liv­ered the city; yet no man re­mem­bered that same poor man.
  16. Then said I, Wis­dom is bet­ter than strength: never­the­less the poor mans wis­dom is de­spised, and his words are not heard.
  17. The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that rul­eth among fools.
  18. Wisdom is bet­ter than wea­pons of war: but one sin­ner de­stroy­eth much good.
Chapter Ten
  1. DEAD FLIES CAUSE the oint­ment of the apoth­e­cary to send forth a stink­ing sa­vour: so doth a lit­tle fol­ly him that is in rep­u­ta­tion for wis­dom and honour.
  2. A wise mans heart is at his right hand; but a fools heart at his left.
  3. Yea al­so, when he that is a fool walk­eth by the way, his wis­dom fail­eth him, and he sa­ith to ev­ery one that he is a fool.
  4. If the spir­it of the rul­er rise up against thee, leave not thy place; for yield­ing pac­i­fi­eth great offences.
  5. There is an evil which I have seen un­der the sun, as an er­ror which pro­ceed­eth from the ruler:
  6. Folly is set in great dig­ni­ty, and the rich sit in low place.
  7. I have seen serv­ants up­on hors­es, and princ­es walk­ing as serv­ants up­on the earth.
  8. He that dig­geth a pit shall fall in­to it; and who­so break­eth an hedge, a ser­pent shall bite him.
  9. Whoso re­mov­eth stones shall be hurt there­with; and he that cleav­eth wood shall be en­dan­gered thereby.
  10. If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge, then must he put to more strength: but wis­dom is prof­it­a­ble to direct.
  11. Surely the ser­pent will bite with­out en­chant­ment; and a bab­bler is no better.
  12. The words of a wise mans mouth aregra­cious; but the lips of a fool will swal­low up himself.
  13. The be­gin­ning of the words of his mouth is fool­ish­ness: and the end of his talk is mis­chiev­ous madness.
  14. A fool al­so is full of words: a man can­not tell what shall be; and what shall be af­ter him, who can tell him?
  15. The la­bour of the fool­ish wear­i­eth ev­ery one of them, be­cause he know­eth not how to go to the city.
  16. Woe to thee, O‍ ‍land, when thy king is a child, and thy princ­es eat in the morning!
  17. Blessed art thou, O‍ ‍land, when thy king is the son of no­bles, and thy princ­es eat in due sea­son, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
  18. By much sloth­ful­ness the build­ing de­cay­eth; and through idle­ness of the hands the house drop­peth through.
  19. A feast is made for laugh­ter, and wine mak­eth mer­ry: but mon­ey an­swer­eth all things.
  20. Curse not the king, no not in thy thought; and curse not the rich in thy bed­cham­ber: for a bird of the air shall car­ry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.
Chapter Eleven
  1. CAST THY BREAD up­on the wa­ters: for thou shalt find it af­ter ma­ny‍ ‍days.
  2. Give a por­tion to sev­en, and al­so to eight; for thou know­est not what evil shall be up­on the earth.
  3. If the clouds be full of rain, they emp­ty them­selves up­on the earth: and if the tree fall to­ward the south, or to­ward the north, in the place where the tree fall­eth, there it shall be.
  4. He that ob­serv­eth the wind shall not sow; and he that re­gard­eth the clouds shall not reap.
  5. As thou know­est not what is the way of the spir­it, nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou know­est not the works of ⟨God⟩ who mak­eth all.
  6. In the morn­ing sow thy seed, and in the eve­ning with­hold not thine hand: for thou know­est not wheth­er (thy seeds) shall pros­per, ei­ther this or that, or wheth­er they both shall be alike good.
  7. Truly the light is sweet, and a pleas­ant thing it is for the eyes to be­hold the sun:
  8. But if a man live ma­ny years, and re­joice in them all; yet let him re­mem­ber the days of dark­ness; for they shall be ma­ny. All that com­eth is vanity.
  9. Rejoice, O‍ ‍young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou that for all these things ⟨God⟩ will bring thee in­to judgment.
  10. Therefore re­move sor­row from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for child­hood and youth are vanity.
Chapter Twelve
  1. REMEMBER NOW thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleas­ure in them;
  2. While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not dark­ened, nor the clouds re­turn af­ter the rain:
  3. In the day when the keep­ers of the house shall trem­ble, and the strong men shall bow them­selves, and the grind­ers cease be­cause they are few, and those that look out of the win­dows be darkened,
  4. And the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the sound of the grind­ing is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and all the daugh­ters of mu­sick(sic)‌shall be brought low;
  5. Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the al­mond tree shall flour­ish, and the grass­hop­per shall be a bur­den, and de­sire shall fail: be­cause man go­eth to his long home, and the mourn­ers go about the streets:
  6. Or ever the sil­ver cord be loosed, or the gold­en bowl be bro­ken, or the pitch­er be bro­ken at the foun­tain, or the wheel bro­ken at the cistern.
  7. Then shall the dust re­turn to the earth as it was: and the spir­it shall re­turn un­to ⟨God⟩ who gave it.
  8. Vanity of van­i­ties, sa­ith the preach­er; all is‍ ‍vanity.
  9. And more­over, be­cause the preach­er was wise, he still taught the peo­ple knowl­edge; yea, he gave good heed, and sought out, and set in or­der ma­ny proverbs.
  10. The preach­er sought to find out ac­cept­able words: and that which was writ­ten was up­right, even words of truth.
  11. The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fas­tened by the mas­ters of as­sem­blies, which are giv­en from one shepherd.
  12. And fur­ther, by these, my son, be ad­mon­ished: of mak­ing ma­ny books there is no end; and much study is a‍ ‍wear­i­ness of the flesh.
  13. Let us hear the con­clu­sion of the mat­ter: Fear ⟨God⟩, and keep his com­mand­ments: for this is the whole du­ty of man.
  14. For ⟨God⟩ shall bring ev­ery work in­to judg­ment, with ev­ery se­cret thing, wheth­er it be good, or wheth­er it be evil.
"precept upon precept; line upon line" … - For knowledge shall cease and wisdom fail, but understanding remaineth (if gained from the former).