Chapter One

  1. THE WORD OF THE⟨Lord⟩ that came un­to Ho-‍se‍′‍-‍a, the son of Be-‍e‍′‍-‍ri, in the days of Uz-‍zi‍′‍-‍ah, Jo‍′‍-‍tham, Ahaz, and Hez-‍e-‍ki‍′‍-‍ah, kings of Ju­dah, and in the days of Jer-‍o-‍bo‍′‍-‍am the son of Jo‍′‍-‍ash, king of Israel.
  2. The be­gin­ning of the word of the ⟨Lord⟩ by Ho-‍se‍′‍-‍a. And the ⟨Lord⟩ said to Ho-‍se‍′‍-‍a, Go, take un­to thee a wife of‍ ‍whore­doms and chil­dren of‍ ‍whore­doms: for the land hath com­mit­ted great whore­dom,de­part­ing from the ⟨Lord⟩.
  3. So he went and took Go‍′‍-‍mer the daugh­ter of Dib‍′‍-‍la-‍im; which con­ceived, and bare him a son.
  4. And the ⟨Lord⟩ said un­to him, Call his name Jez‍′‍-‍re-‍el; for yet a lit­tle while, and I will avenge the blood of Jez‍′‍-‍re-‍el up­on the house of Je‍′‍-‍hu, and will cause to cease the king­dom of the house of Israel.
  5. And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Is­ra­el in the val­ley of Jez‍′‍-‍re-‍el.
  6. And she con­ceived again, and bare a daugh­ter. And God said un­to him, Call her name Lo–‍ru‍′‍-‍ha-‍mah: for I will no more have mer­cy up­on the house of Is­ra­el; but I will utter­ly take them away.
  7. But I will have mer­cy up­on the house of Ju­dah, and will save them by the ⟨Lord⟩ their ⟨God⟩, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by bat­tle, by hors­es, nor by horsemen.
  8. Now when she had weaned Lo–‍ru‍′‍-‍ha-‍mah, she con­ceived, and bare a son.
  9. Then said God, Call his name Lo–‍am‍′‍-‍mi: for ye are not my peo­ple, and I will not be your God.
  10. Yet the num­ber of the chil­dren of Is­ra­el shall be as the sand of the sea, which can­not be meas­ured nor num­bered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said un­to them, Ye are the sons of the liv­ing ⟨God⟩.
  11. Then shall the chil­dren of Ju­dah and the chil­dren of Is­ra­el be gath­ered to­geth­er, and ap­point them­selves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jez‍′‍-‍re-‍el.
Chapter Two
  1. SAY YE UN­TO YOUR breth­ren, Am‍′‍-‍mi; and to‍ ‍your sis­ters, Ru‍′‍-‍ha-‍mah.
  2. Plead with your moth­er, plead: for she is not my wife, nei­ther am I her hus­band: let her there­fore put away her whore­doms out of her sight, and her adul­ter­ies from be­tween her breasts;
  3. Lest I strip her na­ked, and set her as in the day that she was born, and make her as a‍ ‍wil­der­ness, and set her like a dry land, and slay her with thirst.
  4. And I will not have mer­cy up­on her chil­dren; for they be the chil­dren of whoredoms.
  5. For their moth­er hath played the har­lot: she that con­ceived them hath done shame­ful­ly: for she said, I will go af­ter my lov­ers, that give me my bread and my wa­ter, my wool and my flax, mine oil and my drink.
  6. Therefore, be­hold, I will hedge up thy way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths.
  7. And she shall fol­low af­ter her lov­ers, but she shall not over­take them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and re­turn to my first hus­band; for then was it bet­ter with me than now.
  8. For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and mul­ti­plied her sil­ver and gold, which they pre­pared for Ba‍′‍-‍al.
  9. Therefore will I re­turn, and take away my corn in the time there­of, and my wine in the sea­son there­of, and will re­cov­er my wool and my flax giv­en to cov­er her nakedness.
  10. And now will I‍ ‍dis­cov­er her lewd­ness in the sight of her lov­ers, and none shall de­liv­er her out of mine hand.
  11. I will al­so cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her sab­baths, and all her sol­emn feasts.
  12. And I will de­stroy her vines and her fig trees, where­of she hath said, These are my re­wards that my lov­ers have giv­en me: and I will make them a for­est, and the beasts of the field shall eat them.
  13. And I will vis­it up­on her (be­cause of)‍ ‍the days of‍ ‍(wor­ship­ping)Ba‍′‍-‍al-‍im, where­in she burned in­cense to them, and she decked her­self with her ear­rings and her jew­els, and she went af­ter her lov­ers, and for­gat(sic)‌me, sa­ith the ⟨Lord⟩.
  14. Therefore, be­hold, I will al­lure her, and bring her in­to the wil­der­ness, and speak com­fort­a­bly un­to her.
  15. And I will give her her vine­yards from thence, and the val­ley of A‍′‍-‍chor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.
  16. And it shall be at that day, sa­ith the ⟨Lord⟩, that thou shalt call me Ish‍′‍-‍i; and shalt call me no more Ba‍′‍-‍al-‍i.
  17. For I will take away the names of‍ ‍Ba‍′‍-‍al-‍im out of her mouth, and they shall no more be re­mem­bered by their name.
  18. And in that day will I make a cov­en­ant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of‍ ‍(the first)heav­en, and with the creep­ing things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the bat­tle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely.
  19. And I will be­troth thee un­to me for ever; yea, I will be­troth thee un­to me in‍ ‍righ­teous­ness, and in‍ ‍judg­ment, and in lov­ing­kind­ness, and in mercies.
  20. I will even be­troth thee un­to me in faith­ful­ness: and thou shalt know the ⟨Lord⟩.
  21. And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, sa­ith the ⟨Lord⟩, I‍ ‍will hear the(first two)heav­ens, and they shall hear the earth;
  22. And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jez‍′‍-‍re-‍el.
  23. And I will sow her un­to me in the earth; and I will have mer­cy up­on her that had not ob­tained mer­cy; and I will say to them which were not my peo­ple, Thou art my peo­ple; and they shall say, Thou art m⟨God⟩.
Chapter Three
  1. THEN SAID THE ⟨Lord⟩ un­to me, Go yet, love a wom­an be­lov­ed of her friend, yet an adul­ter­ess, ac­cord­ing to the love of the ⟨God⟩ to­ward the chil­dren of Is­ra­el, who look to oth­er gods, and love flag­ons of wine.
  2. So I bought her to me for fif­teen piec­es of sil­ver, and for‍ ‍an ho‍′‍-‍mer of bar­ley, and an half ho‍′‍-‍mer of barley:
  3. And I said un­to her, Thou shalt abide for me ma­ny days; thou shalt not play the har­lot, and thou shalt not be for an­oth­er man: so will I al­so be for thee.
  4. For the chil­dren of Is­ra­el shall abide ma­ny days with­out a king, and with­out a prince, and with­out a sac­ri­fice, and with­out an im­age, and with­out an e‍′‍-‍phod, and with­out‍ ‍ter‍′‍-‍a-‍phim:
  5. Afterward shall the chil­dren of Is­ra­el re­turn, and seek the ⟨Lord⟩ their ⟨God⟩, and David their king; and shall fear the ⟨Lord⟩ and his good­ness in the lat­ter days.
Chapter Four
  1. HEAR THE WORD of the ⟨Lord⟩, ye chil­dren of Is­ra­el: for the ⟨Lord⟩ hath a con­tro­ver­sy with the in­hab­it­ants of the land, be­cause there is no truth, nor mer­cy, nor knowl­edge of ⟨God⟩ in the land.
  2. By swear­ing, and ly­ing, and kill­ing, and steal­ing, and com­mit­ting adul­tery, they break out, and blood touch­eth blood.
  3. Therefore shall the land mourn, and ev­ery one that dwell­eth there­in shall lan­guish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heav­en; yea, the fish­es of the sea al­so shall be tak­en away.
  4. Yet let no man strive, nor re­prove an­oth­er: for thy peo­ple are as they that strive with the priest.
  5. Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the proph­et al­so shall fall with thee in the night, and I will de­stroy thy mother.
  6. ⟨•My peo­ple are de­stroyed for lack of knowl­edge:•⟩ be­cause thou hast re­ject­ed knowl­edge, I will al­so re­ject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: see­ing thou hast for­got­ten the law of thy ⟨God⟩, I will al­so for­get thy‍ ‍children.
  7. As they were in­creased, so they sinned against me: there­fore will I change their glo­ry in­to shame.
  8. They eat up the sin of my peo­ple, and they set their heart on their  in­iq­ui­ty.
  9. And there shall be, like peo­ple, like priest: and I will pun­ish them for their ways, and re­ward them for their doings.
  10. For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall com­mit whore­dom, and shall not in­crease: be­cause they have left off to take heed to the ⟨Lord⟩.
  11. Whore­domand wine and new wine take away the heart.
  12. My peo­ple ask coun­sel at their stocks, and their staff de­clar­eth un­to them: for the spir­it of whore­doms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whor­ing from un­der (the grace) their ⟨God⟩.
  13. They sac­ri­fice up­on the tops of the moun­tains, and burn in­cense up­on the hills, un­der oaks and pop­lars and elms, be­cause the shad­ow there­of is good: therefore your daugh­ters shall com­mit whore­dom, and your spous­es shall com­mit adultery.
  14. I will not pun­ish your daugh­ters when they com­mit whore­dom, nor your spous­es when they com­mit adul­tery: for them­selves are sep­a­rat­ed with whores, and they sac­ri­fice with har­lots: there­fore the peo­ple that doth not un­der­stand shall fall.
  15. Though thou, Is­ra­el, play the har­lot, yet let not Ju­dah of­fend; and come not ye un­to Gil‍′‍-‍gal, nei­ther go ye up to‍ ‍Beth–‍a‍′‍-‍ven, nor swear, (As) The ⟨Lord⟩ liveth.(”)
  16. For Is­ra­el slid­eth back as a back­slid­ing heif­er: now the ⟨Lord⟩ will feed them as a lamb in a large place.
  17. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im is joined to idols: let him alone.
  18. Their drink is sour: they have com­mit­ted whore­dom con­tin­u­al­ly: her rul­erswith shame do love, Give ye.
  19. The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed be­cause of their sacrifices.
Chapter Five
  1. HEAR YE THIS, O‍ ‍priests; and heark­en, ye house of Is­ra­el; and give ye ear, O‍ ‍house of the king; for judg­ment is to­ward you, be­cause ye have been a snare on Miz‍′‍-‍pah, and a net spread up­on‍ ‍Ta‍′‍-‍bor.
  2. And the re­volt­ers are pro­found to make slaugh­ter, though I have been a re­buk­er of them all.
  3. I know E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im, and Is­ra­el is not hid from me: for now, O‍ ‍E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im, thou com­mit­test whore­dom,and Is­ra­el is defiled.
  4. They will not frame their do­ings to turn un­to their ⟨God⟩: for the spir­it of whore­domsis in the midst of them, and they have not known the ⟨Lord⟩.
  5. And the pride of Is­ra­el doth tes­ti­fy to his face: there­fore shall Is­ra­el and E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im fall in their in­iq­ui­ty;Ju­dah al­so shall fall with them.
  6. They shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek the ⟨Lord⟩; but they shall not find him; he hath with­drawn him­self from them.
  7. They have dealt treach­er­ous­ly against the ⟨Lord⟩: for they have be­got­ten strange chil­dren: now shall a month de­vour them with their‍ ‍portions.
  8. Blow ye the cor­net in Gib‍′‍-‍e-‍ah, and the trum­pet in Ra‍′‍-‍mah: cry aloud at Beth–‍a‍′‍-‍ven, af­ter thee, O‍ ‍Benjamin.
  9. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im shall be des­o­late in the day of re­buke: among the tribes of Is­ra­el have I made known that which shall sure­ly be.
  10. The princ­es of Ju­dah were like them that re­move the bound: there­fore I will pour out my wrath up­on them like water.
  11. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im is op­pressed and bro­ken in judg­ment, be­cause he will­ing­ly walked af­ter the commandment.
  12. Therefore will I be un­to E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im as a moth, and to the house of Ju­dah as rottenness.
  13. When E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im saw his sick­ness, and Ju­dah saw his wound, then went E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im to the As­syr­i­an, and sent to king Ja‍′‍-‍reb: yet cound he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound.
  14. For I will be un­to E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im as a li­on, and as a young li­on to the house of Ju­dah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall res­cue him.
  15. I will go and re­turn to my place, till they ac­knowl­edge their of­fence, and seek my face: in their af­flic­tion they will seek me early.
Chapter Six
  1. COME, AND LET US re­turn un­to the ⟨Lord⟩; for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smit­ten, and he will bind us up.
  2. ⟨•After two days will he re­vive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.
  3. Then shall we know, if we fol­low on to know the ⟨Lord⟩: his go­ing forth is pre­pared as the morn­ing; and he shall come un­to us as the rain, as the lat­ter and form­er rain un­to the earth.•⟩
  4. O‍ ‍E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im, what shall I do un­to thee? O‍ ‍Ju­dah, what shall I do un­to thee? for your good­nessis as a morning cloud, and as the ear­ly dew it go­eth‍ ‍away.
  5. Therefore have I hewed them by the proph­ets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judg­ments are as the light that go­eth forth.
  6. For I de­sired mer­cy, and not sac­ri­fice; and the knowl­edge of ⟨God⟩ more than burnt offerings.
  7. But they like men have trans­gressed the cov­en­ant: there have they dealt treach­er­ous­ly against me.
  8. Gil‍′‍-‍e-‍ad is a city of them that work in­iq­ui­ty,and is pol­lut­ed with blood.
  9. And as troops of rob­bers wait for a man, so the com­pa­ny of priests mur­der in the way by con­sent: for they com­mit lewdness.
  10. I have seen an hor­ri­ble thing in the house of Is­ra­el: there is the whore­dom of E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im, Is­ra­el is defiled.
  11. Also, O‍ ‍Ju­dah, he hath set an har­vest for thee, when I re­turned the cap­tiv­ity of my people.
Chapter Seven
  1. WHEN I WOULD HAVE healed Is­ra­el, then the in­iq­ui­ty of E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im was dis­cov­ered, and the wick­ed­ness of Sa-‍ma‍′‍-‍ri-‍a: for they com­mit false­hood; and the thief com­eth in, and the troop of rob­bers spoil­eth‍ ‍without.
  2. And they con­sid­er not in their hearts that I re­mem­ber all their wick­ed­ness: now their own do­ings have be­set them about; they are be­fore my face.
  3. They make the king glad with their wick­ed­ness, and the princ­es with their lies.
  4. They are all adul­ter­ers, as an oven heat­ed by the bak­er, who ceas­eth from rais­ing af­ter he hath knead­ed the dough, un­til it be leavened.
  5. In the day of our king the princ­es have made him sick with bot­tles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.
  6. For they have made rea­dy their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their bak­er sleep­eth all the night; in the morn­ing it burn­eth as a flam­ing fire.
  7. They are all hot as an oven, and have de­voured their judg­es; all their kings are fall­en: there is none among them that call­eth un­to me.
  8. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im, he hath mixed him­self among the peo­ple; E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im is a cake not turned.
  9. Strangers have de­voured his strength, and he know­eth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there up­on him, yet he know­eth not.
  10. And the pride of Is­ra­el tes­ti­fi­eth to his face: and they do not re­turn to the ⟨Lord⟩ their ⟨God⟩, nor seek him for all this.
  11. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im al­so is like a sil­ly dove with­out heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.
  12. When they shall go, I‍ ‍will spread my net up­on them; I‍ ‍will bring them down as the fowls of the (first) heav­en; I‍ ‍will chas­tise them, as their con­gre­ga­tion hath heard.
  13. Woe un­to them! for they have fled from‍ ‍me: de­struc­tion un­to them! be­cause they have trans­gressed against me: though I‍ ‍have re­deemed them, yet they have spo­ken lies against me.
  14. And they have not cried un­to me with their heart, when they howled up­on their beds: they as­sem­ble them­selves for corn and wine, and they re­bel against me.‍ ‍[]

  1. Though I‍ ‍have bound and strength­ened their arms, yet do they im­ag­ine mis­chief against me.
  2. They re­turn, but not to the most High: they are like a de­ceit­ful bow: their princ­es shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this shall be their de­ri­sion in the land of Egypt.
Chapter Eight
  1. SET THE TRUM­PET TO thy mouth. He shall come as an ea­gle against the house of the ⟨Lord⟩, be­cause they have trans­gressed my cov­en­ant, and tres­passed against my‍ ‍law.
  2. Israel shall cry un­to me, My ⟨God⟩, we know thee.
  3. Israel hath cast off the thing that is good: the en­e­my shall pur­sue him.
  4. They have set up kings, but not by me: they have made princ­es, and I‍ ‍knewit not: of their sil­ver and their gold have they made them idols, that they may be cut off.
  5. Thy (gold­en) calf, O‍ ‍Sa-‍ma‍′‍-‍ri-‍a, hath cast thee off; mine an­ger is kin­dled against them: how long will it be ere they at­tain to innocency?
  6. For from Is­ra­el was it al­so: the work­man made it; there­fore it is not ⟨God⟩; but the (gold­en) calf of Sa-‍ma‍′‍-‍ri-‍a shall be bro­ken in pieces.
  7. For they have sown to the wind, and they shall reap the whirl­wind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the stran­gers shall swal­low it up.
  8. Israel is swal­lowed up: now shall they be among the Gen­tiles as a‍ ‍ves­sel where­in is no pleasure.
  9. For they are gone up to As­syr­ia, a‍ ‍wild ass alone by him­self: E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im hath hired lovers.
  10. Yea, though they have hired among the na­tions, now will I‍ ‍gath­er them, and they shall sor­row a lit­tle for the bur­den of the king of princes.
  11. Because E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im hath made ma­ny al­tars to sin, al­tars shall be un­to him to sin.
  12. I have writ­ten to him the great things of my law, but they were count­ed as a strange thing.
  13. They sac­ri­fice flesh for the sac­ri­fic­es of mine of­fer­ings, and eat it, but the ⟨Lord⟩ ac­cept­eth them not; now will he re­mem­ber their in­iq­ui­ty, and vis­it their sins: they shall re­turn to Egypt.
  14. For Is­ra­el hath for­got­ten his Mak­er, and build­eth tem­ples; and Ju­dah hath mul­ti­plied fenced cit­ies: but I‍ ‍will send a fire up­on his cit­ies, and it shall de­vour the pal­ac­es thereof.
Chapter Nine
  1. REJOICE NOT, O‍ ‍IS­RA­EL, for joy, as oth­er peo­ple: for thou hast gone a‍ ‍whor­ing from thy ⟨God⟩, thou hast loved a re­ward up­on ev­ery‍ ‍cornfloor.
  2. The (thresh­ing)­floor and the wine­press shall not feed them, and the new wine shall fail in her.
  3. They shall not dwell in the ⟨Lords⟩ land; but E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im shall re­turn to Egypt, and they shall eat un­clean things in Assyria.
  4. They shall not of­fer wine of­fer­ings to the ⟨Lord⟩, nei­ther shall they be pleas­ing un­to him: their sac­ri­fic­es shall be un­to them as the bread of mourn­ers; all that eat there­of shall be pol­lut­ed: for their bread for their soul shall not come in­to the house of the ⟨Lord⟩.
  5. What will ye do in the sol­emn day, and in the day of the feast of the ⟨Lord⟩?
  6. For, lo, they are gone be­cause of de­struc­tion: Egypt shall gath­er them up, Mem‍′‍-‍phis shall bu­ry them: the pleas­ant plac­es for their sil­ver, net­tles shall pos­sess them: thorns shall be in their tabernacles.
  7. The days of‍ ‍vis­i­ta­tion are come, the days of rec­om­pence are come; Is­ra­el shall know‍ ‍it: the proph­et is a fool, the spir­i­tu­al man is‍ ‍mad, for the mul­ti­tude of thine in­iq­ui­ty, and the great hatred.
  8. The watch­man of E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im was with my ⟨God⟩: but the proph­et is a snare of a fowl­er in all his ways, and ha­tred in the house of his ⟨God⟩.
  9. They have deep­ly cor­rupt­ed them­selves, as in the days of Gib‍′‍-‍e-‍ah: there­fore he will re­mem­ber their in­iq­ui­ty, he will visit their sins.
  10. I found Is­ra­el like grapes in the wil­der­ness; I‍ ‍saw your fa­thers as the first­ripe in the fig tree at her first time: but they went to Ba‍′‍-‍al–‍pe‍′‍-‍or, and sep­a­rat­ed them­selves un­to that shame; and their abom­i­na­tions were ac­cord­ing as they‍ ‍loved.
  11. As for E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im, their glo­ry shall fly away like a bird, from the birth, and from the womb, and from the conception.
  12. Though they bring up their chil­dren, yet will I‍ ‍be­reave them, that there shall not be a man left: yea, woe al­so to them when I‍ ‍de­part from them!
  13. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im, as I‍ ‍saw Ty‍′‍-‍rus, is plant­ed in a pleas­ant place: but E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im shall bring forth his chil­dren to the murderer.
  14. Give them, O‍ ‍⟨Lord⟩: what wilt thou give? give them a mis­car­ry­ing womb and dry breasts.
  15. All their wick­ed­ness is in Gil‍′‍-‍gal: for there I‍ ‍hat­ed them: for the wick­ed­ness of their do­ings I‍ ‍will drive them out of mine house, I‍ ‍will love them no more: all their princ­es are‍ ‍revolters.
  16. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im is smit­ten, their root is dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yea, though they bring forth, yet will I‍ ‍slay even the be­lov­ed fruit of their womb.
  17. My ⟨God⟩ will cast them away, be­cause they did not heark­en un­to him: and they shall be wan­der­ers among the na­tions.
Chapter Ten
  1. ISRAEL IS‍ ‍AN EMP­TY vine, he bring­eth forth fruit un­to him­self: ac­cord­ing to the mul­ti­tude of his fruit he hath in­creased the al­tars; ac­cord­ing to the good­ness of his land they have made good­ly‍ ‍images.
  2. Their heart is di­vid­ed; now shall they be found faul­ty: he shall break down their al­tars, he shall spoil their‍ ‍images.
  3. For now they shall say, We have no king, be­cause we feared not the ⟨Lord⟩; what then should a king do to us?
  4. They have spo­ken words, swear­ing false­ly in mak­ing a cov­en­ant: thus judg­ment spring­eth up as hem­lock in the fur­rows of the field.
  5. The in­hab­it­ants of Sa-‍ma‍′‍-‍ri-‍a shall fear be­cause of the (gold­en)calves of Beth–‍a‍′‍-‍ven: for the peo­ple there­of shall mourn over it, and the priests there­of that re­joiced on it, for the glo­ry there­of, be­cause it is de­part­ed from it.
  6. It shall be al­so car­ried un­to As­syr­ia for a pres­ent to king Ja‍′‍-‍reb: E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im shall re­ceive shame, and Is­ra­el shall be ashamed of his own counsel.
  7. As for Sa-‍ma‍′‍-‍ri-‍a, her king is cut off as the foam up­on the water.
  8. The high plac­es al­so of A‍′‍-‍ven, the sin of Is­ra­el, shall be de­stroyed: the thorn and the this­tle shall come up on their al­tars; and they shall say to the moun­tains, Cov­er us; and to the hills, Fall on us.
  9. O Is­ra­el, thou hast sinned from the days of Gib‍′‍-‍e-‍ah: there they stood: the bat­tle in Gib‍′‍-‍e-‍ah against the chil­dren of in­iq­ui­ty did not over­take them.
  10. It is my de­sire that I should chas­tise them; and the peo­ple shall be gath­ered against them, when they shall bind them­selves in their two furrows.
  11. And E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im is as an heif­er that is taught, and lov­eth to tread out the corn; but I passed over up­on her fair neck: I will make E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im to ride; Ju­dah shall plow, and Ja­cob shall break his clods.
  12. ⟨•Sow to your­selves in‍ ‍righ­teous­ness, reap in mer­cy; break up your fal­low ground: for it is time to seek the ⟨Lord⟩, till he come and rain‍ ‍righ­teous­ness, up­on‍ ‍you.•⟩
  13. Ye have plowed wick­ed­ness, ye have reaped in­iq­ui­ty; ye have eat­en the fruit of lies: be­cause thou didst trust in thy way, in the mul­ti­tude of thy migh­ty men.
  14. Therefore shall a tu­mult arise among thy peo­ple, and all thy for­tress­es shall be spoiled, as Shal‍′‍-‍man spoiled Beth–‍ar‍′‍-‍bel in the day of bat­tle: the moth­er was dashed in piec­es up­on her children.
  15. So shall Beth‍′‍–‍el do un­to you be­cause of your great wick­ed­ness: in a morn­ing shall the king of Is­ra­el ut­ter­ly be cut off.
Chapter Eleven
  1. WHEN IS­RA­EL WAS a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.
  2. As they called them, so they went from them: they sac­ri­ficed un­to‍ ‍Ba‍′‍-‍al-‍im, and burned in­cense to grav­en images.
  3. I taught E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im al­so to go, tak­ing them by their arms; but they knew not that I healed them.
  4. I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat un­to them.
  5. He shall not re­turn in­to the land of Egypt, but the As­syr­ian shall be his king, be­cause they re­fused to return.
  6. And the sword shall abide on his cit­ies, and shall con­sume his branch­es, and de­vour them, be­cause of their own counsels.
  7. And my peo­ple are bent to back­slid­ing from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would ex­alt him.
  8. How shall I give thee up, E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im? how shall I de­liv­er thee, Is­ra­el? how shall I make thee as Ad‍′‍-‍mah? how shall I set thee as Ze-‍bo‍′‍-‍im? mine heart is turned with­in me, my re­pent­ings are kin­dled together.
  9. I will not ex­e­cute the fierce­ness of mine an­ger, I will not re­turn to de­stroy E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im: for I am ⟨God⟩, and not man; the Holy One in the midst of thee: and I will not en­ter in­to the city.
  10. They shall walk af­ter the ⟨Lord⟩: he shall roar like a li­on: when he shall roar, then the chil­dren shall trem­ble from the west.
  11. They shall trem­ble as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the land of As­syr­ia: and I will place them in their hous­es, sa­ith the ⟨Lord⟩.
  12. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im com­pass­eth me about with lies, and the house of Is­ra­el with de­ceit: but Ju­dah yet rul­eth with ⟨God⟩, and is faith­ful with the saints.
Chapter Twelve
  1. E‍′‍-‍PHRA-‍IM FEED­ETH ON the wind, and fol­low­eth af­ter the east wind: he dai­ly in­creas­eth lies and des­o­la­tion; and they do make a cov­en­ant with the As­syr­i­ans, and oil is car­ried in­to Egypt.
  2. The ⟨Lord⟩ hath al­so a con­tro­ver­sy with Ju­dah, and will pun­ish Ja­cob ac­cord­ing to his ways; ac­cord­ing to his do­ings will he rec­om­pense him.
  3. He took his broth­er by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had pow­er with ⟨God⟩.(See: Genesis 32:24-32)
  4. Yea, he had pow­er over the an­gel, and pre­vailed: he wept, and made sup­pli­ca­tion un­to him: he found him in Beth‍′‍–‍el, and there he spake with‍ ‍us;(See: Genesis 18)
  5. Even the ⟨Lord⟩ ⟨God⟩ of hosts; the ⟨Lord⟩ is his memorial.
  6. Therefore turn thou to thy ⟨God⟩: keep mer­cy and judg­ment, and wait on‍ ‍thy ⟨God⟩ continually.
  7. He is a mer­chant, the bal­anc­es of de­ceit are in his hand: he lov­eth to oppress.
  8. And E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im said,  Yet I am be­come rich, I have found me out sub­stance: in all my la­bours they shall find none in­iq­ui­ty in me that were sin.
  9. And I that am the ⟨Lord⟩ thy ⟨God⟩ from the land of Egypt will yet make thee to dwell in tab­er­na­cles, as in the days of the solemn feast.
  10. I have al­so spo­ken by the proph­ets, and I have mul­ti­plied vi­sions, and used si­mil­i­tudes, by the min­is­try of the prophets.
  11. Is therein­iq­ui­tyin Gil‍′‍-‍e-‍ad? sure­ly they are van­i­ty: they sac­ri­fice bull­ocks in Gil‍′‍-‍gal; yea, their al­tars are as heaps in the fur­rows of the fields.
  12. And Ja­cob fled in­to the coun­try of Syr­ia, and Is­ra­el served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.
  13. And by a proph­et the ⟨Lord⟩ brought Is­ra­el out of Egypt, and by a proph­et was he preserved.
  14. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im pro­voked him to an­ger most bit­ter­ly: there­fore shall he leave his blood up­on him, and his re­proach shall his ⟨Lord⟩ re­turn un­to him.
Chapter Thirteen
  1. WHEN E‍′‍-‍PHRA-‍IM SPAKE trem­bling, he ex­alt­ed him­self in Is­ra­el; but when he of­fend­ed in Ba‍′‍-‍al, he died.
  2. And now they sin more and more, and have made (for) them­(selves) mol­ten im­ag­es of their sil­ver, and idols ac­cord­ing to their own (lack of)‍ ‍un­der­stand­ing, all of it the work of the crafts­men: they say of them, Let the men that sac­ri­fice kiss the (gold­en)‍ ‍calves.
  3. Therefore they shall be as the morn­ing cloud, and as the ear­ly dew that pass­eth away, as the chaff that is driv­en with the whirl­wind out of the (thresh­ing)­floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
  4. Yet I am the ⟨Lord⟩ thy ⟨God⟩ from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no sav­iour be­side me.
  5. I did know thee in the wil­der­ness, in the land of great drought.
  6. According to their pas­ture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was ex­alt­ed; there­fore have they for­got­ten me.
  7. Therefore I will be un­to them as a li­on: as a leop­ard by the way will I ob­serve them:
  8. I will meet them as a bear that is be­reaved of her whelps, and will rend the caul of their heart, and there will I de­vour them like a li­on: the wild beast shall tear them.
  9. O‍ ‍Is­ra­el, thou hast de­stroyed thy­self; but in me is thine help.
  10. I will be thy king: where is any oth­er that may save thee in all thy cit­ies? and thy judg­es of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and princes?
  11. I gave thee a king in mine an­ger, and took him away in my wrath.
  12. The in­iq­ui­ty of E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im is bound up; his sin is hid­(den)‍.
  13. The sor­rows of a tra­vail­ing wom­an shall come up­on him: he is an un­wise son; for he should not stay long in the place of chil­dren.
  14. I will ran­som them from the pow­er of the grave; I will re­deem them from death: O‍ ‍death, I will be thy plagues; O‍ ‍grave, I will be thy de­struc­tion: re­pent­ance shall be hid from mine eyes.
  15. Though he be fruit­ful among his breth­ren, an east wind shall come, the wind of the ⟨Lord⟩ shall come up from the wil­der­ness, and his spring shall be­come dry, and his foun­tain shall be dried up: he shall spoil the treas­ure of all pleas­ant vessels.
  16. Sa-‍ma‍′‍-‍ri-‍a shall be­come des­o­late, for she hath re­belled against her ⟨God⟩: they shall fall by the sword: their in­fants shall be dashed in piec­es, and their wom­en with child shall be ripped up.
Chapter Fourteen
  1. O IS­RA­EL, RE­TURN UN­TO the ⟨Lord⟩ thy ⟨God⟩; for thou hast fall­en‍ ‍by‍ ‍thine‍ ‍in­iq­ui­ty.
  2. Take with you words, and turn to the ⟨Lord⟩: say un­to him, Take away all in­iq­ui­ty, and receive us gra­cious­ly: so will we rend­er the calves of our lips.
  3. Assh‍′‍-‍ur shall not save us; we will not ride up­on hors­es: nei­ther will we say any more to the work of our hands,  Ye are our gods: for in thee the fa­ther­less find­eth mercy.
  4. I will heal their back­slid­ing, I will love them free­ly: for mine an­ger is turned away from him.
  5. I will be as the dew un­to Is­ra­el: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Leb‍′‍-‍a-‍non.
  6. His branch­es shall spread, and his beau­ty shall be as the ol­ive tree, and his smell as Leb‍′‍-‍a-‍non.
  7. They that dwell un­der his shad­ow shall re­turn; they shall re­vive as the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent there­of shall be as the wine of Leb‍′‍-‍a-‍non.
  8. E‍′‍-‍phra-‍im shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? I have heard him, and ob­served him: I am like a green fir tree. From me is thy fruit found.
  9. Who is wise, and he shall un­der­stand these things? pru­dent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the ⟨Lord⟩ are right, and the just shall walk in them: but the trans­gress­ors shall fall therein.
"precept upon precept; line upon line" … - For knowledge shall cease and wisdom fail, but understanding remaineth (if gained from the former).