The Epistle of

Chapter One
  1. JAMES, a servant of ⟨God⟩ and of the ⟨Lord⟩ ⟨Jesus⟩ ⟨Christ⟩, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
  2. My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations;
  3. Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.
  4. But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be per­fect and en­tire, wanting nothing.
  5. If any of you lack wis­dom, let him ask of ⟨God⟩, that giveth to all men lib­er­ally, and up­braid­eth not; and it shall be given him.
  6. But let him ask in faith, noth­ing waver­ing. For he that waver­eth is like a wave of the sea driv­en with the wind and tossed.
  7. For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the ⟨Lord⟩.
  8. A double minded man is un­stable in all his ways.
  9. Let the brother of low degree re­joice in that he is exalted:
  10. But the rich, in that he is made low: be­cause as the flower of the grass he shall pass away.
  11. For the sun is no soon­er risen with a burn­ing heat, but it with­er­eth the grass, and the flower there­of fall­eth, and the grace of the fash­ion of it per­ish­eth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
  12. Blessed is the man that en­dur­eth temp­ta­tion: for when he is tried, he shall re­ceive the crown of life, which the ⟨Lord⟩ hath prom­ised to them that love him.
  13. Let no man say when he is tempt­ed, I am tempt­ed of ⟨God⟩: for ⟨God⟩ can­not be tempt­ed with evil, nei­ther tempt­eth he any man:
  14. But every man is tempt­ed when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.
  15. Then when lust hath con­ceived, it bring­eth forth sin: and sin, when it is fin­ished, bring­eth forth death.
  16. Do not err, my beloved brethren.
  17. For every good gift and every per­fect gift is from above, and com­eth down from the Father of lights, with whom is no var­i­able­ness, nei­ther shad­ow of turning.
  18. Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of first­fruits of his creatures.
  19. Wherefore, my beloved breth­ren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:
  20. For the wrath of man work­eth not the righ­teous­ness of ⟨God⟩.
  21. Wherefore lay apart all fil­thi­ness and super­fluity of naugh­ti­ness, and re­ceive with meek­ness the en­graft­ed word, which is able to save your souls.
  22. But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, de­ceiv­ing your own selves.
  23. For if any be a hear­er of the word, and not a doer, he is like un­to a man be­hold­ing his nat­ur­al face in a glass:
  24. For he behold­eth him­self, and goeth his way, and straight­way for­get­teth what man­ner of man he was.
  25. But whoso looketh into the per­fect law of liberty, and con­tin­ueth there­in, he be­ing not a for­get­ful hear­er, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.
  26. If any man among you seem to be re­li­gious, and brid­leth not his tongue, but de­ceiv­eth his own heart, this man’s re­li­gion is vain.
  27. Pure religion and un­de­filed be­fore ⟨God⟩ and the Father is this, To visit the fa­ther­less and widows in their af­flic­tion, and to keep him­self un­spot­ted from the world.
Chapter Two
  1. MY brethren, have not the faith of our ⟨Lord⟩ ⟨Jesus⟩ ⟨Christ⟩, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons.
  2. For if there come un­to your as­sem­bly a man with a gold ring, in good­ly ap­par­el, and there come in al­so a poor man in vile raiment;
  3. And ye have respect to him that wear­eth the gay cloth­ing, and say un­to him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here un­der my footstool:
  4. Are ye not then par­tial in your­selves, and are be­come judges of evil thoughts?
  5. Hearken, my beloved breth­ren, Hath not ⟨God⟩ chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the king­dom which he hath prom­ised to them that love him?
  6. But ye have de­spised the poor. Do not rich men op­press you, and draw you be­fore the judg­ment seats?
  7. Do not they blas­pheme that wor­thy name by which ye are called?
  8. If ye fulfil the royal law ac­cord­ing to the scrip­ture, Thou shalt love thy neigh­bour as thy­self, ye do well:
  9. But if ye have re­spect to per­sons, ye com­mit sin, and are con­vinced of the law as transgressors.
  10. For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
  11. For he that said, Do not com­mit adul­tery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou com­mit no adul­tery, yet if thou kill, thou art be­come a trans­gres­sor of the (whole) law.
  12. So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.
  13. For he shall have judg­ment with­out mer­cy, that hath shewed no mer­cy; and mer­cy re­joic­eth against judgment.
  14. What doth it profit, my breth­ren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can (that) faith save him?
  15. If a brother or sister be naked, and des­ti­tute of daily food,
  16. And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; not­with­stand­ing ye give them not those things which are need­ful to the body; what doth it profit?
  17. Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone.
  18. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew my thy faith with­out thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works.
  19. Thou believest that there is one ⟨God⟩; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble.
  20. But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith with­out works is dead?
  21. Was not Abraham our father jus­ti­fied by works, when he had of­fered Isaac his son upon the altar?
  22. Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?
  23. And the scrip­ture was ful­filled which saith, Abraham be­lieved ⟨God⟩, and it was im­put­ed unto him for righ­teous­ness: and he was called the Friend of ⟨God⟩.
  24. Ye see then how that by works a man is jus­ti­fied, and not by faith only.
  25. Likewise also was not Ra′-hab the har­lot jus­ti­fied by works, when she had re­ceived the mes­sen­gers, and had sent them out another way?
  26. For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith with­out works is dead also.
Chapter Three
  1. MY brethren, be not many masters, know­ing that we shall re­ceive the greater condemnation.
  2. For in many things we of­fend all. If any man of­fend not in word, the same is a per­fect man, and able also to bri­dle the whole body.
  3. Behold, we put bits in the horses’ mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body. []
  1. Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whi­ther­so­ever the governor listeth.
  2. Even so the tongue is a lit­tle mem­ber, and boast­eth great things. Be­hold, how great a mat­ter a lit­tle fire kindleth!
  3. And the tongue is a fire, a world of in­iq­uity: so is the tongue among our mem­bers, that it de­fil­eth the whole body, and set­teth on fire the course of na­ture; and it is set on fire of hell.
  4. For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind:
  5. But the tongue can no man tame; it is an un­ruly evil, full of deadly poison.
  6. Therewith bless we ⟨God⟩, even the Father; and there­with curse we men, which are made af­ter the sim­i­li­tude of ⟨God⟩.
  7. Out of the same mouth pro­ceed­eth bless­ing and curs­ing, My breth­ren, these things ought not so to be.
  8. Doth a foun­tain send forth at the same place sweet water and bitter?
  9. Can the fig tree, my breth­ren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no foun­tain both yield salt water and fresh.
  10. Who is a wise man and en­dued with knowl­edge among you? let him shew out of a good con­ver­sa­tion his works with meek­ness of wisdom.
  11. But if ye have bit­ter en­vy­ing and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
  12. This wisdom de­scend­eth not from above but is earth­ly, sen­sual, devilish.
  13. For where envying and strife is, there is con­fu­sion and every evil work.
  14. But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peace­able, gen­tle, and easy to be in­treat­ed, full of mer­cy and good fruits, with­out par­tial­ity, and without hypocrisy.
  15. And the fruit of righ­teous­ness is sown in peace of them that make peace.
Chapter Four
  1. FROM whence come wars and fight­ings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?
  2. Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and de­sire to have, and can­not ob­tain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.
  3. Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may con­sume it upon your lusts.
  4. Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friend­ship of the world is en­mity with ⟨God⟩? who­so­ever there­fore will be a friend of the world is the en­emy of ⟨God⟩.
  5. Do ye think that the scrip­ture saith in vain, The spirit that dwell­eth in us lust­eth to envy?
  6. But he giveth more grace. Where­fore he saith, ⟨God⟩ re­sist­eth the proud, but giv­eth grace un­to the humble.
  7. Submit your­selves there­fore to ⟨God⟩. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
  8. Draw nigh to ⟨God⟩, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sin­ners; and pur­ify your hearts, ye double minded.
  9. Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laugh­ter be turned to mourn­ing, and your joy to heaviness.
  10. Humble your­selves in the sight of the ⟨Lord⟩, and he shall lift you up.
  11. Speak not evil one of an­other, breth­ren. He that speak­eth evil of his broth­er, and judg­eth his broth­er, speak­eth evil of the law, and judg­eth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge.
  12. There is one law­giver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?
  13. Go to now, ye that say, To day or to mor­row we will go into such a city, and con­tin­ue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain:
  14. Whereas ye know not what shall be on the mor­row. For what is your life? It is even a va­pour, that ap­pear­eth for a lit­tle time, and then vanisheth away.
  15. For that ye ought to say, If the ⟨Lord⟩ will, we shall live, and do this, or that.
  16. But now ye rejoice in your boast­ings: all such re­joic­ing is evil.
  17. Therefore to him that know­eth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.
Chapter Five
  1. GO to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.
  2. Your riches are cor­rupt­ed, and your gar­ments are motheaten.
  3. Your gold and silver is can­kered; and the rust of them shall be a wit­ness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treas­ure to­geth­er for the last days.
  4. Behold, the hire of the la­bour­ers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are en­tered in­to the ears of the ⟨Lord⟩ of sabaoth.
  5. Ye have lived in pleas­ure on the earth, and been wan­ton; ye have nour­ished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
  6. Ye have con­demned and killed the just; and he doth not resist you.
  7. Be patient there­fore, breth­ren, un­to the com­ing of the ⟨Lord⟩. Be­hold, the hus­band­man wait­eth for the pre­cious fruit of the earth, and hath long pa­tience for it, un­til he re­ceive the early and latter rain.
  8. Be ye also patient; stab­lish your hearts: for the com­ing of the ⟨Lord⟩ draweth nigh.
  9. Grudge not one against an­other, breth­ren, lest ye be con­demned: be­hold, the judge stand­eth before the door.
  10. Take, my brethren, the pro­phets, who have spok­en in the name of the ⟨Lord⟩, for an example of suf­fer­ing af­flic­tion, and of patience.
  11. Behold, we count them hap­py which en­dure. Ye have heard of the pa­tience of Job, and have seen the end of the ⟨Lord⟩; that the ⟨Lord⟩ is very piti­ful, and of tender mercy.
  12. But above all things, my breth­ren, swear not, nei­ther by hea­ven, nei­ther by the earth, nei­ther by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, (be) nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.
  13. Is any among you af­flict­ed? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms.
  14. Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anoint­ing him with oil in the name of the ⟨Lord⟩:
  15. And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the ⟨Lord⟩ shall raise him up; and if he have com­mit­ted sins, they shall be forgiven him.
  16. Confess your faults one to an­other, and pray one for an­other, that ye may be healed. The ef­fec­tu­al fer­vent pray­er of a righ­teous man availeth much.
  17. E-li′-as was a man sub­ject to like pas­sions as we are, and he prayed earn­estly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
  18. And he prayed again, and the hea­ven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.
  19. Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him;
  20. Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.
Line upon line, precept upon precept”…
for knowledge shall cease and wisdom fail,
but understanding remains (if gained from the former).