Chapter One

  1. NOW IT CAME to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a fam­ine in the land. And a cer­tain man of Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem–‍ju‍‍-‍dah went to so­journ in the coun­try of Mo­ab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.
  2. And the name of the man was E-‍lim‍‍-‍e-‍lech, and the name of his wife Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi, and the name of his two sons Mah‍‍-‍lon and Chil‍‍-‍i-‍on, Eph‍‍-‍rath-‍ites of Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem-‍ju‍‍-‍dah. And they came in­to the coun­try of Mo­ab, and con­tin­ued there.
  3. And E-‍lim‍‍-‍e-‍lech Na-‍o‍‍-‍mis hus­band died; and she was left, and her two sons.
  4. And they took them wives of the wom­en of Mo­ab; the name of the one was Or‍‍-‍pah, and the name of the oth­er Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years.
  5. And Mah‍‍-‍lon and Chil‍‍-‍i-‍on died al­so both of them; and the wom­an was left of her two sons and her husband.
  6. Then she arose with her daugh­ters in law, that she might re­turn from the coun­try of Mo­ab: for she had heard in the coun­try of Mo­ab how that the ⟨Lord⟩ had vis­it­ed his peo­ple in giv­ing them bread.
  7. Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daugh­ters in law with her; and they went on the way to re­turn un­to the land of Judah.
  8. And Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi said un­to her two daugh­ters in law, Go, re­turn each to her moth­ers house: the ⟨Lord⟩ deal kind­ly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me.
  9. The ⟨Lord⟩ grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her hus­band. Then she kissed them; and they lift­ed up their voice, and wept.
  10. And they said un­to her, Sure­ly we will re­turn with thee un­to thy people.
  11. And Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi said, Turn again, my daugh­ters: why will ye go with me? are there yet any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
  12. Turn again, my daugh­ters, go your way; for I am too old to have an hus­band. If I should say, I have hope, if I should have an hus­band al­so to night, and should al­so bear sons;
  13. Would ye tar­ry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from hav­ing hus­bands? nay, my daugh­ters; for it griev­eth me much for your sakes that the hand of the ⟨Lord⟩ is gone out against me.
  14. And they lift­ed up their voice, and wept again: and Or‍‍-‍pah kissed her moth­er in law; but Ruth clave un­to her.
  15. And she said, Be­hold, thy sis­ter in law is gone back un­to her peo­ple, and un­to her gods: re­turn thou af­ter thy sis­ter in law.
  16. And Ruth said,‌⟨•In­treat me not to leave thee, or to re­turn from fol­low­ing af­ter thee: for whith­er thou go­est, I will go; and where thou lodg­est, I will lodge: thy peo­ple shall be my peo­ple, and thy ⟨God⟩ my ⟨God⟩:
  17. Where thou di­est, will I die, and there will I be bur­ied: the ⟨Lord⟩ do so to me, and more al­so, if ought but death part thee and me.•⟩
  18. When she saw that she was sted­fast­ly mind­ed to go with her, then she left speak­ing un­to her.
  19. So they two went un­til they came to Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi?
  20. And she said un­to them, Call me not Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi, call me Ma‍‍-‍ra: for the Al­migh­ty hath dealt very bit­ter­ly with me.
  21. I went out full, and the ⟨Lord⟩ hath brought me home again emp­ty: why then call ye me Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi, see­ing the ⟨Lord⟩ hath tes­ti­fied against me, and the Al­migh­ty hath af­flict­ed me?
  22. So Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi re­turned, and Ruth the Mo‍‍-‍ab-‍i-‍tess, her daugh­ter in law, with her, which re­turned out of the coun­try of Mo­ab: and they came to Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem in the be­gin­ning of bar­ley harvest.
Chapter Two
  1. AND NA-‍O‍‍-‍MI had a kins­man of her hus­bands, a migh­ty man of wealth, of the fam­i­ly of E-‍lim‍‍-‍e-‍lech; and his name was Bo‍‍-‍az.
  2. And Ruth the Mo‍‍-‍ab-‍i-‍tess said un­to Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn af­ter him in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said un­to her, Go, my daughter.
  3. And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field af­ter the reap­ers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field be­long­ing un­to Bo‍‍-‍az, who was of the kin­dred of E-‍lim‍‍-‍e-‍lech.
  4. And, be­hold, Bo‍‍-‍az came from Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem, and said un­to the reap­ers, The ⟨Lord⟩ be with you. And they an­swered him, The ⟨Lord⟩ bless thee.
  5. Then said Bo‍‍-‍az un­to his serv­ant that was set over the reap­ers, Whose dam­sel is this?
  6. And the serv­ant that was set over the reap­ers an­swered and said, It is the Mo‍‍-‍ab-‍i-‍tish dam­sel that came back with Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi out of the coun­try of Mo­ab:
  7. And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gath­er af­ter the reap­ers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath con­tin­ued even from the morn­ing un­til now,‍ ‍(af­ter) that she tar­ried a lit­tle in the house.
  8. Then said Bo‍‍-‍az un­to Ruth, Hear­est thou not, my daugh­ter? Go not to glean in an­oth­er field, nei­ther go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens:
  9. Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou af­ter them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go un­to the ves­sels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn.
  10. Then she fell on her face, and bowed her­self to the ground, and said un­to him, why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou should­est take knowl­edge of me, see­ing I am a stranger?
  11. And Bo‍‍-‍az an­swered and said un­to her, It hath ful­ly been shewed me, all that thou hast done un­to thy moth­er in law since the death of thine hus­band: and how thou hast left thy fa­ther and thy moth­er, and the land of thy na­tiv­ity, and art come un­to a peo­ple which thou knew­est not heretofore.
  12. The ⟨Lord⟩ rec­om­pense thy work, and a full re­ward be giv­en thee of the ⟨Lord⟩ ⟨God⟩ of Is­ra­el, un­der whose wings thou art come to trust.
  13. Then she said, Let me find fa­vour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast com­fort­ed me, and for that thou hast spo­ken friend­ly un­to thine hand­maid, though I be not like un­to one of thine handmaidens.
  14. And Bo‍‍-‍az said un­to her, At meal­time come thou hith­er, and eat of the bread, and dip thy mor­sel in the vin­e­gar. And she sat be­side the reap­ers: and‍ ‍(at meal­time) he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was suf­ficed, and left.
  15. And when she was ris­en up to glean, Bo‍‍-‍az com­mand­ed his young men, say­ing, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and re­proach her not:
  16. And let fall al­so some of the hand­fuls of pur­pose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and re­buke her not.
  17. So she gleaned in the field un­til even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an e‍‍-‍phah of barley.
  18. And she took it up, and went in­to the city: and her moth­er in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave her that she had re­served af­ter she was sufficed.
  19. And her moth­er in law said un­to her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where wrought­est thou? bless­ed be he that did take knowl­edge of thee. And she shewed her moth­er in law with whom she had wrought, and said, The mans name with whom I wrought to day is Bo‍‍-‍az.
  20. And Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi said un­to her daugh­ter in law, Bless­ed be he of the ⟨Lord⟩, who hath not left off his kind­ness to the liv­ing and to the dead. And Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi said un­to her, The man is near of kin un­to us, one of our next kinsmen. []

  1. And Ruth the Mo‍‍-‍ab-‍i-‍tess said, He said un­to me al­so, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, un­til they have end­ed all my harvest.
  2. And Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi said un­to Ruth her daugh­ter in law, It is good, my daugh­ter, that thou go out with his maid­ens, that they meet thee not in any oth­er field.
  3. So she kept fast by the maid­ens of Bo‍‍-‍az to glean un­to the end of bar­ley har­vest and of wheat har­vest; and dwelt with her moth­er in law.
Chapter Three
  1. THEN NA-‍O‍‍-‍MI her moth­er in law said un­to her, My daugh­ter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee?
  2. And now is not Bo‍‍-‍az of our kin­dred, with whose maid­ens thou was? Be­hold, he win­now­eth bar­ley to night in the threshingfloor,
  3. Wash thy­self there­fore, and anoint thee, and put thy rai­ment up­on thee, and get thee down to the‍ ‍(thresh­ing)‍floor:
  4. And it shall be, when he li­eth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and un­cov­er his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do.
  5. And she said un­to her, All that thou say­est un­to me I will do.
  6. And she went down un­to the (thresh­ing)­floor, and did ac­cord­ing to all that her moth­er in law bade her.
  7. And when Bo‍‍-‍az had eat­en and drunk, and his heart was mer­ry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came soft­ly, and un­cov­ered his feet, and laid her­(self)‍ down.
  8. And it came to pass at mid­night, that the man was afraid, and turned him­self: and, be­hold, a wom­an lay at his feet.
  9. And he said, Who art thou? And she an­swered, I am Ruth thine hand­maid: spread there­fore thy skirt over thine hand­maid; for thou art a near kinsman.
  10. And he said, Bless­ed be thou of the ⟨Lord⟩, my daugh­ter: for thou hast shewed more kind­ness in the lat­ter end than at the be­gin­ning, in­as­much as thou fol­low­edst not young men, wheth­er poor or rich.
  11. And now, my daugh­ter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou re­quir­est: for all the city of my peo­ple doth know that thou art a vir­tu­ous woman.
  12. And now it is true that I am thy near kins­man: how­be­it there is a kins­man near­er than I.
  13. Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morn­ing, that if he will per­form un­to thee the part of a kins­man, well; let him do the kins­mans part: but if he will not do the part of a kins­man to thee, then will I do the part of a kins­man to thee, as the ⟨Lord⟩ liv­eth: lie down un­til the morning.
  14. And she lay at his feet un­til the morn­ing: and she rose up be­fore one could know an­oth­er. And he said, Let it not be known that a‍ ‍wom­an came in­to the‍ ‍(threshing)floor.
  15. Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast up­on thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he mea­sured six mea­sures of bar­ley, and laid it on her: and she went in­to the city.
  16. And when she came to her moth­er in law, she said, Who art thou, my daugh­ter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.
  17. And she said, These six mea­sures of bar­ley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not emp­ty un­to thy moth­er in law.
  18. Then said she, Sit still, my daugh­ter, un­til thou know how the mat­ter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, un­til he have fin­ished the thing this day.
Chapter Four
  1. THEN WENT Bo‍‍-‍az up to the gate ­(of Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem), and sat him­(self) down there: and, be­hold, the kins­man of whom Bo‍‍-‍az spake came by; un­to whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.
  2. And he took ten men of the el­ders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.
  3. And he said un­to the kins­man, Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi, that is come again out of the coun­try of Mo­ab, sell­eth a par­cel of land, which was our broth­er E-‍lim‍‍-‍e-‍lechs:
  4. And I thought to ad­ver­tise thee, say­ing, Buy it be­fore the in­hab­i­tants, and be­fore the el­ders of my peo­ple. If thou wilt re­deem it, re­deem it: but if thou wilt not re­deem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to re­deem it be­side thee: and I am af­ter thee. And he said, (Oth­er­wise) I will re­deem it.
  5. Then said Bo‍‍-‍az, What day thou buy­est the field of the hand of Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi, thou must buy it al­so of Ruth the Mo‍‍-‍ab-‍i-‍tess, the wife of the dead, to raise up (chil­dren to)‍ ‍the name of the dead up­on his inheritance.
  6. And the kins­man said, I can­not re­deem it for my­self, lest I mar mine own in­her­it­ance: re­deem thou my right to thy­self; for I can­not re­deem it.
  7. Now this was the man­ner in for­mer time in Is­ra­el con­cern­ing re­deem­ing and con­cern­ing chang­ing, for to con­firm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neigh­bour: and this was a tes­ti­mo­ny in Israel.
  8. Therefore the kins­man said un­to Bo‍‍-‍az, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.
  9. And Bo‍‍-‍az said un­to the el­ders, and un­to all the peo­ple, Ye are wit­ness­es this day, that I have bought all that was E-‍lim‍‍-‍e-‍lechs, and all that was Chil‍‍-‍i-‍ons and Mah‍‍-‍lons, of the hand of Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi.
  10. Moreover Ruth the Mo‍‍-‍ab-‍i-‍tess, the wife of Mah‍‍-‍lon, have I pur­chased to be my wife, to raise up (chil­dren to)‍ ‍the name of the dead up­on his in­her­it­ance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his breth­ren, and from the gate of his place: ye are wit­ness­es this day.
  11. And all the peo­ple that were in the gate ­(of Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem), and the el­ders, said, We are wit­ness­es. The ⟨Lord⟩ make the wom­an that is come in­to thine house like Ra‍‍-‍chel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Is­ra­el: and do thou wor­thi­ly in Eph‍‍-‍ra-‍tah, and be fa­mous in Beth‍‍–‍le-‍hem:
  12. And let thy house be like the house of Pha‍‍-‍rez, whom Ta‍‍-‍mar bare un­to Ju­dah, of the seed which the ⟨Lord⟩ shall give thee of this young woman.
  13. So Bo‍‍-‍az took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in un­to her, the ⟨Lord⟩ gave her con­cep­tion, and she bare a son.
  14. And the wom­en said un­to Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi, Bless­ed be the ⟨Lord⟩, which hath not left thee this day with­out a kins­man, that his name may be fa­mous in Israel.
  15. And he shall be un­to thee a re­stor­er of thy life, and a nour­ish­er of thine old age: for thy daugh­ter in law, which lov­eth thee, which is bet­ter to thee than sev­en sons, hath born him.
  16. And Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi took the child, and laid it in her bos­om, and be­came nurse un­to it.
  17. And the wom­en her neigh­bours gave it a name, say­ing, There is a son born to Na-‍o‍‍-‍mi; and they called his name O‍‍-‍bed: he is the fa­ther of Jes­se, the fa­ther of David.
  18. Now these are the gen­er­a­tions of Pha‍‍-‍rez: Pha‍‍-‍rez be­gat Hez‍‍-‍ron,
  19. And Hez‍‍-‍ron be­gat Ram, and Ram be­gat Am-‍min‍‍-‍a-‍dab,
  20. And Am-‍min‍‍-‍a-‍dab be­gat Nah‍‍-‍shon, and Nah‍‍-‍shon be­gat Sal‍‍-‍mon,
  21. And Sal‍‍-‍mon be­gat Bo‍‍-‍az, and Bo‍‍-‍az be­gat O‍‍-‍bed,
  22. And O‍‍-‍bed be­gat Jes­se, and Jes­se be­gat David.
"precept upon precept; line upon line" . . . - For knowledge shall cease and wisdom fail, but understanding remaineth (if gained from the former).